Albino – having absent or deficient melanin. Widely used term for “amelanistic”. See tyrosinase-negative and tyrosinase-positive.
Amelanistic – having no melanin.
Anerythristic – having no red color.
Axanthic – having no yellow color.
Bedding – the substrate used inside the Ball Python enclosure
Caudal – at or near the tail or the posterior part of the body
Cloaca – Opening near that tail of Ball Pythons that serves as Intestinal, Urinary, and Reproductive tracts.
Clutch – the number of eggs laid
Cycle; Cycling – the recurring reproductive cycle that may be triggered by hormonal and/or environmental changes. It usually occurs on an annual basis.
Dinker – term used to describe a snake that may have an unusual trait, markings, or coloring that hasn’t been proven genetic yet
Dorsal – relating to the upper side or back of an animal
Follicle – small sac-like structure that once fertilized will develop into eggs
Hypomelanistic – an animal having less black and/or brown color than a wild-type.
Leucistic – a pure white animal with dark eyes.
Melanin – black or brown skin pigments.
Melanistic – abnormally dark, especially due to an increase of melanin.
Probe – instrument used for sexing Ball Pythons
Regurge – To throw up or vomit; to eject what has previously been swallowed
Resorption – the process of reabsorbing fully developed eggs. What causes resorption in female reptiles is not known, so there is no known way to trigger nor prevent it.
Slug – an infertile egg
Thermostat – component of a control system which senses the temperature of a system or environment so that the system’s temperature is maintained near a desired set point
Ventral – relating to the underside of an animal; abdominal
Wild-type – the way the animal usually looks in nature (i.e. the normal color and pattern).
Xanthic – having more yellow color than wild-type.